Proposal 199205900: Amazon Basin/Eugene Wetlands
4. Past accomplishments
7. Work elements
Organization: Nature Conservancy
Continue restoration and enhancement of Willow Creek Wildlife Mitigation Area. Habitats being protected or restored include riparian zones of seasonal streams, wet prairie, upland prairie, forested wetland, oak woodland, and dry coniferous forest.
|Jason Nuckols||Form Submitter||The Nature Conservancy
87200 Rathbone Rd.
Eugene, OR 97402
Section 2. Location
Province: Lower Columbia Subbasin: Willamette
|Lat/long||Location desc||Waterbody (lake or stream)||County/State||Subbasin||Resolution||Primary?|
|44deg02'00", 123deg10'00"||Located in the Willamette Valley ecoregion, situated at the margin of the valley floor on the western edge of Eugene. The site is in the Willow Creek watershed. Willow Creek is a tributary of Amazon Creek and the Long Tom River.||Willow Creek||Lane Oregon||Willamette||stream||Yes|
Section 3. Species
Primary: Wildlife: All Wildlife
Additional species: Bradshaw's Lomatium, Common Yellowthroat, Northern Harrier, Willamette Valley Daisy, Fender's Blue Butterfly, Kincaid's Lupine, Shaggy horkelia, Vesper Sparrow, Western Bluebird, White-topped Aster, Western Meadowlark, Western grey squirrel, Beaver, Black-capped Chickadee, Red-tailed Hawk, American kestrel, Chipping sparrow, Wood duck, Willow flycatcher, White-breasted nuthatch, Western Wood-pewee, Olive-sided flycatcher, Vaux’s swift, Green heron, Valley Quail, Yellow Warbler, Pileated woodpecker, Acorn woodpecker, River otter and Western Pond Turtle, Southern alligator lizard,
Section 4. Past accomplishments
|1995||Acquired conservation easement over 330 acres of habitat.|
|1996||Completed the Willow Creek wildlife management plan and Environmental Assessment proposing restoration and enhancement actions and wildlife mitigation credits that would be produced.|
|1997||Implementation of restoration and enhancement actions proposed in management plan.|
|1998||Implementation of restoration and enhancement actions proposed in management plan.|
|1999||Implementation of restoration and enhancement actions proposed in management plan.|
|2000||Implementation of restoration and enhancement actions proposed in management plan.|
|2001||Implementation of restoration and enhancement actions proposed in management plan. Completed baseline Habitat Evaluation on newly acquired tracts (99 acres). Performed follow-up Habitat Evaluation on 330 acres.|
|2002||Implementation of restoration and enhancement actions proposed in management plan.|
|2003||Implementation of restoration and enhancement actions proposed in management plan.|
|2004||Acquired conservation easement over an additional 167 acres of habitat (Willow Creek total = 497 acres).|
|2005||Expanded the implementation of restoration and enhancement actions to include the four new parcels acquired in 2004. Completed the largest prescribed burns to project date. Installed RAWS at project site.|
|2006||Began upland prairie/Fender's blue butterfly site preparation on 45 acres of old field. Cut, chipped and hauled to green waste facility approximately 200 tons of non-native woody material.|
|2007||Continued 45 acres of upland restoration to benefit Fender's blue butterfly. Continued 21 years of successful fire management completing four controlled burns, including burns within designated critical habitat.|
|2008||Planted 45 acres of upland prairie to benefit Fender's blue butterfly. Completed OWEB-funded technical assistance project to determine feasibility of restoring the conflience of Willow Creek. Cut, chipped and hauled 230 tons of non-native woody material.|
Section 5. Relationships to other projects
|Funding source||Project ID||Project Title||Relationship|
|BPA||199107800||Burlington Bottoms Wldlf Mitig||Complimentary habitat protection to improve the viability of focal species in the Willamette Basin|
|BPA||199206800||Willamette Basin Mitigation||Complimentary habitat protection to improve the viability of focal species in the Willamette Basin|
|Other: McKenzie River Trust||[no entry]||McKenzie and Long Tom River Acquisitions||Complimentary habitat protection to improve the viability of focal species in the Willamette Basin|
|Other: USFWS||[no entry]||Fender's Blue Butterfly Monitoring||Funded monitoring of Fender's blue butterfly at Willow Creek from 1993 to 2009|
|Other: LCOG||[no entry]||Rivers to Ridges Project Planning||Developing a comprehensive natural area and open space plan for Eugene and Springfield to link critical habitats|
|Other: NWOIWMP||[no entry]||NW Oregon Invasive Weeed Partnership||Partnership is working to advance invasive species management in NW Oregon through the Upper Willamette Cooperative Weed Management Area|
|Other: BLM||[no entry]||West Eugene Wetlands Partnership||Partnership to maintain, enhance and restore over 2500 acres of wetland and wet prairie in west Eugene|
|Other: City of Eugene||[no entry]||West Eugene Wetlands Partnership||Partnership to maintain, enhance and restore over 2500 acres of wetland and wet prairie in west Eugene|
|Other: Long Tom Watershed Council||[no entry]||West Eugene Wetlands Partnership||Complimentary habitat protection to improve the viability of focal species in the Willamette Basin|
|BPA||2007-260-00||Coburg Ridge Preserve||The Nature Conservancy holds the easement and manages 1244 acres of prairie, oak savanna and fir forest for targets similar to Willow Creek.|
Section 6. Objectives
|Objective title||Description||Relevant subbasin plan||Relevant strategy(ies)||Page number(s)|
|1 Implement wildlife habitat management activities||Improve population trend for focal species by implementing wildlife habitat management activities as outlined in the Willow Creek management plan to maintain a baseline of 740 habitat units and provide additional habitat units through restoration and enhancement of wildlife habitats.||Willamette|
|2 Monitor hydrology and water quality conditions||Improve population trend for focal species through monitoring of hydrology and water quality conditions to compare with baseline conditions regarding stream flows and water quality inputs to the Willow Creek site.||Willamette|
|3 Monitor native and non-native vegetation||Improve population trend for focal species through monitoring of native and non-native vegetation and federal and state listed species and maintain annual photopoints.||Willamette|
|4 Improve defensibility/Reduce unauthorized use||Improve defensibility of the site and reduce unauthorized use and associated impacts.||Willamette|
|5 Land and conservation easement acquisition||Improve population trend for focal species through land and conservation easement acquisition||Willamette|
Section 7. Work elements
|Work element name||Work element title||Objective(s)||Start date||End date||Estimated budget>||Sponsor performs work?|
|Maintain Vegetation||Nonnative vegetation control||1 Implement wildlife habitat management activities||4/1/2010||3/31/2012||90,888||Yes|
|Description: Continue non-native vegetation control efforts focusing on reducing or eliminating habitat-modifying non-native plant species. In addition to new treatment areas, areas that have been previously treated must be maintinaed as well. A variety of methods have been, and will continue to be utilized to control invasive plant species. The methods of choice vary for different species, but include manual clipping or removal, mowing, shearing, spot and broadcast herbicide application. This work is done with a combination of The Nature Conservancy and contracted staff practicing best management practices.|
|Remove or Relocate Predaceous Animals||Maintain adult bullfrog populations at <80% of pre-control levels.||1 Implement wildlife habitat management activities||4/1/2010||3/31/2012||3,592||Yes|
|Description: Reduce adult bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) in semi-permanent aquatic habitats. Adult bullfrogs are aggressive predators that have documented negative impacts on native fish, reptile and amphibian populations. At Willow Creek Preserve, bullfrogs are known to breed in the same waters as the existing populations of native Western pond turtle (Clemmys marmorata marmorata), Long-toed salamander (Ambystoma macrodactylum macrodactylum), Roughskin newt (Taricha granulosa granulosa) and Pacific tree frog (Pseudacris regilla). Beginning with treatments in 1996, we have been able to substantially reduce both adult and larva bullfrogs at Willow Creek Preserve. Continued annual larva and adult treatments are necessary as adult bullfrogs easily migrate on-site from upstream and downstream sources. The primary means we are using to reduce bullfrog populations is removal of egg masses during the breeding season and removal of tadpoles as they become concentrated in small pools.|
|Conduct Controlled Burn||Controlled burns||1 Implement wildlife habitat management activities||4/1/2010||3/31/2012||28,057||Yes|
Description: Prescribed burns will be conducted for the purposes of reducing the encroachment of native and non-native woody vegetation in wet and upland prairies, controlling certain species of non-native vegetation as well as enhancing certain native species and reducing young understory woody growth in oak savannas. We will consult with USFWS about T&E species within burn units, mow fire breaks, coordinate with burn contractor and complete approximately six prescribed burns over approximately 120 acres.
|Plant Vegetation||Develop and plant native plant materials prairie, oak and ash habitats||1 Implement wildlife habitat management activities||4/1/2010||3/31/2012||106,988||Yes|
Description: The prairie and oak savanna habitats that once characterized the Willamette Valley are gravely threatened with extinction. Eighty-five percent of oak habitats and nearly 98 percent of native prairie have been lost. Because much of the habitat that remains is degraded it is clear that restoration will be a necessary part of a successful regional conservation effort. Restoring native plant diversity requires appropriate source materials. While the lack of native source materials continues to be one of if not the limiting factor in successful restoration, the West Eugene Wetlands Partnership lead by The Bureau of Land Management, City of Eugene and The Nature Conservancy have shared the costs and benefits of a successful native seed program for the last five years. Currently the Partnership has over 100 species of native prairie and oak savanna species in production in shared contracts with commercial growers and Government facilities. This Partnership has provided the necessary plant materials for successful restoration and enhancement of over 1000 acres of land in the West Eugene Wetlands. Continuation of this partnership and the growout contracts currently in operation are essential for continued restoration and enhancement efforts. By sharing contract costs, personnel and equipment, the Partners are able to provide appropriate low cost plant materials.
|Remove vegetation||Site preparation for restoration of degraded prairie habitat||1 Implement wildlife habitat management activities||4/1/2010||3/31/2012||7,166||Yes|
Description: Site preparation within wet and upland prairie including mowing, burning and herbicide applications for restoration of degraded prairie habitat. The focus of this restoration will be within or adjacent to federally recognized critical habitat for Fender's blue butterfly. These areas are currently dominated by non-native pasture grasses and non-native forbs. Multi-year, aggressive site preparation is the single most important step in ensuring a successful restoration of the site.
|Produce (Annual) Progress Report||Annual Progress Report||1 Implement wildlife habitat management activities<br>2 Monitor hydrology and water quality conditions<br>3 Monitor native and non-native vegetation<br>4 Improve defensibility/Reduce unauthorized use||4/1/2010||3/31/2012||2,739||Yes|
|Description: Produce an Annual Progress Report|
|Manage and Administer Projects||Manage and Administer Projects||1 Implement wildlife habitat management activities<br>2 Monitor hydrology and water quality conditions<br>3 Monitor native and non-native vegetation<br>4 Improve defensibility/Reduce unauthorized use<br>5 Land and conservation easement acquisition||4/1/2010||3/31/2012||47,976||Yes|
|Description: Provide oversight of the project. Respond to BPA as requested, providing financial, contractual and administrative documents. Prepare 2009 SOW and submit no less than 90 days before end of current performance period. The entire amount for the capital purchase of a vehicle in 2010 is within this work element. Also includes gas and maintenance of vehicle. It was difficult and artificial to divide the $30,000 amongst all the work elements for the project.|
|Produce Pisces Status Report||Pisces Statue Reports||1 Implement wildlife habitat management activities<br>2 Monitor hydrology and water quality conditions<br>3 Monitor native and non-native vegetation<br>4 Improve defensibility/Reduce unauthorized use<br>5 Land and conservation easement acquisition||4/1/2010||3/31/2012||6,219||Yes|
|Description: The Contractor shall report on the status of milestones and deliverables in Pisces. Reports shall be completed quarterly. Additionally, when indicating a deliverable milestone as COMPLETE, the contractor shall provide metrics and the final location (latitude and longitude) prior to submitting the report to the BPA COTR.|
|Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation||Produce environmental compliance documentation||1 Implement wildlife habitat management activities<br>3 Monitor native and non-native vegetation<br>5 Land and conservation easement acquisition||4/1/2010||3/31/2012||1,899||Yes|
Description: Complete the necessary steps to obtain environmental compliance from BPA's Environmental Compliance Group. Produce environmental compliance documentation necessary for all work elements annually at the begining of the project cycle and as needed throughout the project year
|Remove vegetation||Restore invaded wet prairie and oak woodland||1 Implement wildlife habitat management activities<br>4 Improve defensibility/Reduce unauthorized use||4/1/2010||3/31/2012||45,000||Yes|
Description: Restore invaded wet prairie and woodland to wet prairie and ash savanna habitats. Bobcat mowers equipped with shearing units are used to remove invading ash and fruit trees in a historic wet prairie. Revegetation of the treated areas is completed as necessary following woody removal. This work will be done in late summer and early fall when impacts to the existing habitat are minimized. Spot herbicide application including stump spraying will be used where necessary. Overseeding with native grasses and forbs will be completed using a broadcaster or no-till drill.
Response to similar work in adjacent areas has been positive with little to no resprouting, good germination of native seed and flowering native lily species that were dormant in the heavily shaded woodlands before restoration.
|Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data||Monitor hydrology and water quality conditions.||2 Monitor hydrology and water quality conditions||4/1/2010||3/31/2012||10,252||Yes|
Description: Ensuring that suitable hydrologic conditions are maintained is important to maintaining and improving wetland and aquatic habitats for wildlife. Under this task we will monitor a series of groundwater wells to document groundwater patterns and staff gauges to document changes in water levels along Willow Creek. We also will gather data on stream flows. The flow data will be used to document loadings of any pollutants that are detected in water quality monitoring. We will use an automated rain gauge as well as the BLM’s Remote Access Weather Station installed at Willow Creek in 2005 to document precipitation during the project period. We believe it is important to have a local precipitation record to use for calculating and modeling stream flows under alternative future land use conditions. We monitor turbidity at a series of sampling locations.
|Analyze/Interpret Data||Analyze/Interpret data from hydrology/water quality, vegetation and wildlife monitoring||2 Monitor hydrology and water quality conditions<br>3 Monitor native and non-native vegetation||4/1/2010||3/31/2012||13,244||Yes|
Description: Analyze and interpret species of concern and community-level data to determine the treatment effects of actions like mowing and burning.
|Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data||Monitor vegetation, photoplots and listed/candidate threatened and endangered species||3 Monitor native and non-native vegetation||4/1/2010||3/31/2012||31,204||Yes|
Description: Monitoring of permanent vegetation, photoplots, and listed/candidate threatened and endangered plant species, including Willamette daisy, Bradshaw's lomatium, Shaggy horkelia, Curtus's aster and Kincaid's lupine. The nested frequency data collected on over 75 plant species at Willow Creek has allowed us to track plant community diversity and composition over time. Monitoring of at-risk species has allowed us to track population trends. From the monitoring results we have begun to develop and modify thresholds for adaptive management and implement adaptive managment where applicable.
The results of ongoing invasive species removal and habitat management have been and will continue to be monitored and documented though a combination of quantitative vegetation sampling, permanent photo plots, mapping of invasive species distribution, and use of air photos to document habitat changes. The response of selected wildlife species will be monitored by surveys of selective species, and documentation of noteworthy observations. All federal and state listed species including those with designated critical habitat at Willow Creek will be monitored and reports made available.
|Operate and Maintain Habitat/Passage/Structure||Fence, gate, access and signage maintenance||4 Improve defensibility/Reduce unauthorized use||4/1/2010||3/31/2012||9,502||Yes|
|Description: Maintain and update public use signage and entry controls (gates and fences) as necessary. This ensures that we are able to protect habitat quality from disturbance related to unauthorized uses of the site as best possible. Remove materials associated with unauthorized use of the site.|
|Land Purchase||Acquisition of lands containing priority habitats||5 Land and conservation easement acquisition||10/1/2010||9/30/2012||16,297,750||Yes|
Description: Acquisition of lands containing priority habitats through a combination of fee title and easement acquisition.
|Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation||Complete a Hazardous Materials Survey and NEPA||5 Land and conservation easement acquisition||11/1/2010||9/30/2012||45,000||Yes|
Description: Bonneville Power Administration staff will complete a Phase I Hazardous Materials Survey of the property which will include gathering documents, conducting a literature and records review, site inspection and documentation. If any environmental conditions of concern are identified, a Phase II Hazardous Materials Survey will be complete.
|Produce Inventory or Assessment||Produce Inventory and Assessment||5 Land and conservation easement acquisition||10/1/2010||9/30/2012||450,000||Yes|
|Description: In order to develop a meaningful restoration and monitoring plan, TNC will produce a baseline inventory/map of the current distribution and condition of important elemennts of flora and fauna including plant communities/forest types, plant species, bird species, butterflies, moths, invasive species. Depending on funding and contractor availability, TNC may also attempt limited surveys of herptiles and small mammals.|
|Prepare HEP Report||Prepare HEP report||5 Land and conservation easement acquisition||10/1/2010||9/30/2012||90,000||Yes|
|Description: The Bonneville Power Administration will contract with qualified wildlife biologists to develop a preliminary HEP assessment of the property to incorporate into the draft Memorandum of Agreement between the Bonneville Power Administration and The Nature Conservancy. After this is completed, Bonneville Power Administration will contract with qualified wildlife biologists to develop a final HEP assessment of the property to set baseline conditions, and help identify management needs for the property. The habitat evaluation will be conducted to BPA approved standards. Wildlife habitat mitigation credits will be determined for protection of the habitat and possible habitat enhancement based on assessments of alternative future habitat management goals for the property|
|Conduct Pre-Acquisition Activities||Complete a Fair Market Value Appraisal of the Property||5 Land and conservation easement acquisition||10/1/2010||9/30/2012||135,000||Yes|
|Description: The Nature Conservancy will contract for a Fair Market Value appraisal conducted to federal appraisal standards with a BPA approved appraiser.|
|work element budget total:||17,422,476|
Section 8. Budget
|Item||Note||FY 2010 cost ($)||FY 2011 cost ($)||FY 2012 cost ($)|
|Capital Equipment||At the recommendation of Karl Weist we have included multiple acquisition/easement projects in this proposal. All preaquisition and acquisition costs are reflected in Captial Equipment.||3,388,875||10,240,000||3,388,875|
|Overhead||Indirect rate = 23.28% and 3.00 % for contracts (capital equipment includes no overhead)||13,396||13,966||14,191|
|Supplies||(includes vehicle gas and maintenance costs)||5,300||4,300||4,800|
|Other||Contracted Services not performed by The Nature Conservancy||55,100||59,420||63,040|
|Capital Equipment||Vehicle purchase to be used for all BPA Project implementation needs.||30,000|
|Itemized budget totals:||3,537,812||10,365,722||3,518,942|
(No cost sharing noted)
Section 9. Project future
Level of costs are predicted to be approximately the same in 2010 and 2011.
Likely project termination/end date: none
Project will develop permanent mitigation through habitat protection and long-term restoration and management.
1) Permanent protection of 497+ acres of 5 priority focal habitats for 26 focal species (2) Habitat Credits to BPA
ISRP final recommendation: Meets Scientific criteria? Yes
from May 19, 2009 ISRP 2009-17 report
ISRP preliminary recommendation: Meets scientific criteria? Yes
from Mar 26, 2009 ISRP 2009-7 report