Proposal 200002700: Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation
4. Past accomplishments
7. Work elements
Organization: Burns Paiute Tribe
Malheur River Wildlife Mitigation Site is an ongoing project allowing the Tribe to manage 6385 deeded acres of wet meadow, wetland and sagebrush steppe habitats along the Malheur River while addressing multiple goals for fish, wildlife and tribal members.
|Jason Kesling||Contract Manager||Burns Paiute Tribe
100 Pasigo St.
Burns OR 97720
Section 2. Location
Province: Middle Snake Subbasin: Malheur
|Lat/long||Location desc||Waterbody (lake or stream)||County/State||Subbasin||Resolution||Primary?|
|43.7976, -117.9271||Approximately 7 miles east of Juntura, Oregon||Malheur River, Hunter Creek, Saddlehorse Creek||Malheur Oregon||Malheur||point||Yes|
Section 3. Species
Primary: Wildlife: All Wildlife
Additional species: Elk, Mule Deer, Sage Grouse, California Bighorn Sheep, Pronghorn, California Quail, Bald Eagle, River Otter, Spotted and Leopard Frog, Yellow Warbler, Yellow-Breasted Chat, Chinook Salmon and all bat, neotropical birds and small mammals
Section 4. Past accomplishments
|2000||Property acquistion. NEPA compliance.|
|2001||Assessed role of Clean Water Act and EPA on Project. National Riparian Team assessed riparian conditions. Controlled and eradicated weeds. Continue irrigating meadows. Reduced cattle by 50% on BLM allotments. Photo Points were taken. Managed public access|
|2002||Treated 300 acres of weeds. Completed Hunter Creek enclosure project. Administered grazing, haying and irrigation practices to meet management objectives. Rebuilt railroad bridge. Completed baseline vegetation inventories. Managed public access.|
|2003||Started a Management Plan for Project site. Conducted the baseline HEP. Replaced roof on field office. Replaced drinking water structures. Administered grazing, haying and irrigation practices to meet management objectives. Controlled and eradicated weeds|
|2004||Reseeded rye grass to prevent weed introduction. Fertilized meadows. Controlled and eradicated weeds. Administered grazing, haying and irrigation practices to meet management objectives. Managed public access.|
|2005||Completed Management Plan. Planted riparian and steppe vegetation. Removed and modified fence. Restored a wetland. Conducted biological surveys. Administered haying and irrigation practices to meet management objectives. Controlled and eradicated weeds.|
|2006||Haying, irrigating, grazing, pond development, riparian planting, upland planting, fence removal and noxious weed control. Sage Grouse, breeding bird, small mammals and amphibian surveys. Hunting access. Grants from BPA, USFWS, ODFW and an MOU with OSU.|
|2007||Haying, irrigation, grazing, noxious weed control, CREP protection, native grass planting and alfalfa planting. Sage grouse, breeding bird, small mammals and photo point surveys. Access for hunting with tribal and non-tribal members.|
|2008||Noxious weed control, irrigation, haying, CREP Enrollment, alfalfa feild created, black cotton wood planting, live stock management, wetland creation, controlled access, planting native grass in medusahead treatment site, plant noxious weed control grass.|
Section 5. Relationships to other projects
|Funding source||Project ID||Project Title||Relationship|
|BPA||199701900||Stinking Water Salmonid Project||Redband and bull trout research- study has included the Logan Valley Wildlife Mitigation Site.|
|BPA||200000900||Logan Valley Wildlife Mitigatition Project||Co-managed by the Department, located 38 miles upstream along the Malheur River.|
Section 6. Objectives
|Objective title||Description||Relevant subbasin plan||Relevant strategy(ies)||Page number(s)|
|1.Evaluate and Address Noxious Weeds||Identify noxious weed communities, prevent their introduction, reproduction and spread, and reduce their density where already established on 6385 acres per year.||Malheur||83-86,88,90|
|2.Restore Shrube-Steppe Habitat||Restore shrub-steppe habitat structure and function on 6385 acres. Restoration involves; Plant Native Shrubs and Herbaceous Vegetation in Sagebrush Steppe Habitat, Juniper Removal, Weed Control, Planting Native Grass and Weed Control Grasses.||Malheur||83,84,85,90|
|3.Restore Riparian Structure and Function||Restore riparian structure and function on approximately 10 miles of stream and restore stream channel processes and function to benefit fish and wildlife populations.||Malheur||69-79,86-88|
|4). Conduct M&E Activities||Conduct M&E Activities to Evaluate and Adapt Management Strategies. Activities involve; bat, small mammals, amphibian, HEP, point-counts surveys, Cross section analysis, monitor water quantity/quality and Receive Bull/Redband Trout Management Direction.||Malheur||88,89|
|4.Mitigate Wildlife Losses, from Hydropower System||Continue increasing hunting opportunities for tribal members on 6,535 deeded acres.||Malheur||87,88|
|5.Increase Biodiversity, Serial Habitat Type||Reduce domestic use on shrub-steppe habitat and riparian corridors increase biodiversity and provide multiple serial stages of different habitat types.||Malheur||69,71,73,75,83-4,86-7,90|
|6.Restore Native Wildlife Species||Evaluate opportunities to restore native wildlife species that have been eliminated or reduced in their historic range. Retire Allotments to reintroduce big horn sheep, improve habitat condition to a condition that can support mountain quail and sharp-tailed grouse populations and retire grazing allotments that would benefit sage grouse leks.||Malheur||81,82,90,91|
|7.Conduct M&E Activities||Conduct M&E Activities to Evaluate and Adapt Management Strategies. Activities involve; big game, sage grouse, bat, small mammals, amphibian, HEP, point-counts surveys and Receive Bull/Redband Trout Management Direction.||Malheur||88,89|
|8.Protect Cultural Resources||Work with Tribal and BPA Cultural Resources department to ensure that an Environment Compliance Documentation is produced. Staff will have to provide detailed descriptions of work performed to ensure proper protection is achieved.||Malheur||Burns Paiute Tribe Cultural Resources Porteciton and Managment Code|
Section 7. Work elements
|Work element name||Work element title||Objective(s)||Start date||End date||Estimated budget>||Sponsor performs work?|
|Manage and Administer Projects||Project Administration||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||43,050||Yes|
|Description: All Tasks associated with administering the Burns Paiute Wildlife Department.|
|Produce Pisces Status Report||Periodic Status Reports for BPA||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||3,075||Yes|
|Description: Report on the status of milestones and deliverables in Pisces.|
|Plant Vegetation||Planting Native Grass and Weed Control Grasses||1.Evaluate and Address Noxious Weeds<br>2.Restore Shrube-Steppe Habitat<br>3.Restore Riparian Structure and Function<br>4.Mitigate Wildlife Losses, from Hydropower System<br>5.Increase Biodiversity, Serial Habitat Type<br>6.Restore Native Wildlife Species||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||29,050||Yes|
Description: Planting native or weed control grass will be administered in agriculture sites where weed populations are high. A weed control grass mixture will out compete weed dominate sites causing their "seed bank" to be depleted (Ashley, 2005). Once the weed populations have been controlled, the site will be planted with a native seed mix. Staff will complete the planting with tractors, four-wheeler and practice no-till seeding or broadcast seeding. Weed control grass mixture (crested wheatgrass, intermediate wheatgrass, pubescent wheatgrass, smooth brome and Russian wildrye) will be utilized because of its ability to out-compete weeds in the spring. Plantings will occur prior to fall rains, typically in mid September or in late winter, middle march. Periodic annual plantings may occur between funding cycle depending on effectiveness of weed control activities.
|Maintain Vegetation||Cattle Management||1.Evaluate and Address Noxious Weeds<br>2.Restore Shrube-Steppe Habitat<br>3.Restore Riparian Structure and Function<br>5.Increase Biodiversity, Serial Habitat Type||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||9,225||Yes|
|Description: A fulltime range technician will monitor cattle status and maintain exclusion from riparian areas. In pastures where there are no fences around the riparian, salt will be place in area that will draw cattle away from riparian sites utilizing feed in the uplands. Water will be provided to livestock through alternative water sources established outside of riparian areas. Dam structures that need maintenance will receive proper repairs to capture spring runoff and prevent dam erosion from happening.|
|Remove vegetation||Weed Control||1.Evaluate and Address Noxious Weeds<br>2.Restore Shrube-Steppe Habitat<br>3.Restore Riparian Structure and Function<br>5.Increase Biodiversity, Serial Habitat Type<br>6.Restore Native Wildlife Species||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||611,925||Yes|
Description: Weeds will be controlled as necessary through chemical, mechanical, and biological means. Herbicides will be applied in accordance with label instruction, and federal, state, and county regulations. Chemical methods will by a tractor boom sprayer, helicopter, four-wheeler spot/booms prayer and backpack sprayer. Mechanical methods consist of mowing, hand pulling, burning, and moist soil management while biological controls may include competitive seedings (Ashley, 2005). We will monitor noxious weed control using Weed Information Management System (WIMS) developed by the University of California, Davis for use by The Nature Conservancy (TNC). "WIMS keeps track of three types of data records: weed occurrences (GPS point locations), assessments (size and status of the weed infestation to facilitate monitoring over time), and management treatments applied to those weed infestations. Data can be easily exchanged between multiple users and written to shapefiles for mapping in any standard GIS program" (The Nature Conservancy 2006).
|Plant Vegetation||Plant Native Shrubs and Herbaceous Vegetation in Sagebrush Steppe Habitat||1.Evaluate and Address Noxious Weeds<br>2.Restore Shrube-Steppe Habitat<br>4.Mitigate Wildlife Losses, from Hydropower System<br>5.Increase Biodiversity, Serial Habitat Type<br>6.Restore Native Wildlife Species||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||27,675||Yes|
Description: Under the habitat level objectives in the MRSAMP, the restoration of native grasses, forbs, and shrub composition within the sagebrush-steppe is considered a priority (NPCC Appendix A. Part 3 p.64). Grass plugs and bitterbrush plugs will be grown by staff or local partnerships. Planting will begin late September to November utilizing a variety of planting methods (i.e. shovels, planting dibble, drill bit). Plugs will be inserted without protection and shrub plugs will receive a protective plastic guard to prevent herbivory. All work will be completed by BPT staff. Site location will be determined on an annual basis, determined by project manager. The planting of the plugs will improve the over all structure and function of each site treated.
|Remove Debris||Removal of Fence and Materials||1.Evaluate and Address Noxious Weeds<br>2.Restore Shrube-Steppe Habitat<br>5.Increase Biodiversity, Serial Habitat Type||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||6,150||Yes|
|Description: Fence will be determined if its use matches the management goal for the Project. If the fence doesn't match our goals the fence will be removed and recycled. Work will be completed by project staff.|
|Plant Vegetation||Plant Riparian Vegetation||1.Evaluate and Address Noxious Weeds<br>3.Restore Riparian Structure and Function<br>4.Mitigate Wildlife Losses, from Hydropower System<br>5.Increase Biodiversity, Serial Habitat Type<br>6.Restore Native Wildlife Species||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||18,752||Yes|
Description: We intend to plant native riparian species along approximately 10 miles of streams (around 2,000 per year). Rooted plant stock will be purchased from a local nursery in late winter to early spring. Project staff will then plant them in existing mulch fabric laid by Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) using hand tools. Site location will be determined by project manager based on survival of CREP planting.
|Maintain Vegetation||Haying Operation||1.Evaluate and Address Noxious Weeds<br>4.Mitigate Wildlife Losses, from Hydropower System<br>5.Increase Biodiversity, Serial Habitat Type||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||33,825||Yes|
|Description: Hay will be harvested to maintain meadow grass productivity. Each meadow field will be harvested to remove decadent material, prevent wildland fires, increase nutritional quality, and increase rate and quantity of re-growth. After the meadows have been harvested they will be flooded to provide re-growth for winter grazing ungulates and will increase the overall number of big game. The work will be sub-contracted and will be completed each year of funding year. Alfalfa fields will be harvested 3 times a year by BPT staff. Staff will cut, bail and stack approximately 37 acres of alfalfa along the Malheur River to be used both for on-site livestock care and sold to the public. After each alfalfa cutting irrigation will put back on the field to provide re-growth for resident wild ungulates and keep them within Project site. The alfalfa will need to be assessed every 5th year for re-seeding to prevent weed establishment within the field. BPT staff will disking, seed and corrugating the field.|
|Maintain Vegetation||Maintain Wet Meadow Irrigation System||1.Evaluate and Address Noxious Weeds<br>4.Mitigate Wildlife Losses, from Hydropower System<br>5.Increase Biodiversity, Serial Habitat Type<br>6.Restore Native Wildlife Species||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||67,650||Yes|
|Description: Flood irrigation will be utilized. A head gate, 2 irrigation pumps and irrigation ditches allow movement of water across the property. Three range technicians will monitor irrigation needs daily and move water as deemed necessary. After the meadows have been harvested they will be flooded using existing water control structures to provide re-growth for winter grazing ungulates.|
|Remove vegetation||Juniper Removal||2.Restore Shrube-Steppe Habitat<br>3.Restore Riparian Structure and Function<br>5.Increase Biodiversity, Serial Habitat Type<br>6.Restore Native Wildlife Species||1/1/2010||12/31/2018||9,225||Yes|
Description: The juniper community is starting to increase on the Mitigation Site. We will reduce juniper encroachment by cutting the young trees with project saw equipment and will be completed by staff during the non-fire restricted days. Sites location will be determined on an annual basis. Completing this work element will prevent the overwhelming task of cutting down adult trees in the future. Two hundred acres will be review each year, with treatment occurring in the falling year.
|Operate and Maintain Habitat/Passage/Structure||Maintain Fish Screen on Diversion Ditch||3.Restore Riparian Structure and Function<br>6.Restore Native Wildlife Species<br>8.Protect Cultural Resources||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||12,300||Yes|
|Description: The project will perform minor maintenance for the life of the fish screen. Minor maintenance includes; winterizing fish screens, grease wheels, making sure the screens are working properly and free of debris.|
|Install Fence||Modify and/or repair Fence||4.Mitigate Wildlife Losses, from Hydropower System<br>5.Increase Biodiversity, Serial Habitat Type<br>6.Restore Native Wildlife Species||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||24,600||Yes|
Description: Fence will be converted to meet BLM's specifications for wildlife. The fence will be constructed with 4 wires with smooth wire on the bottom and top and barb wire on the 2 middle wires. The spacing from the ground starting from the bottom wire is 16", 22", 28" and 40". BPT staff will asses all Project, BLM and State allotment fences for repairs that might have been caused by trespass cattle, wild ungulates or trespassing hunters. Work will be completed by project staff.
|Coordination||Coordinate with interest groups to retire domestic sheep grazing allotments.||4.Mitigate Wildlife Losses, from Hydropower System<br>5.Increase Biodiversity, Serial Habitat Type<br>6.Restore Native Wildlife Species<br>8.Protect Cultural Resources||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||9,225||Yes|
|Description: BPT staff will coordinate with BLM, Department of State Lands (DSL), local grazers, all interest groups and ODFW in hopes of retiring domestic sheep grazing or trailing allotments in order to reintroduce big horn sheep to the Project. Staff will mitigate between all interest parties by setting up local meeting. Work is expected to continue throughout the funding cycle due to the various interest groups that might oppose retiring domestic sheep allotments.|
|Provide Access and Public Information||Control Access||4.Mitigate Wildlife Losses, from Hydropower System<br>8.Protect Cultural Resources||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||15,375||Yes|
|Description: Access and public activities will be controlled by access permits issued by the BPT staff.|
|Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data||Big Game Survey||7.Conduct M&E Activities||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||6,150||No|
Description: Coordinate with ODFW to perform aerial big game surveys on the Project. ODFW will conduct the surveys and provide information regarding adult: fawn ratios and population estimates. This information will provide population estimates in response to vegetation treatments occurring within the Mitigation Site.
|Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data||Sage Grouse Survey||7.Conduct M&E Activities||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||6,150||Yes|
Description: We will coordinate with ODFW to conduct surveys on sage grouse leks. The number of male and female sage grouse will be determined for each lek.
|Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data||Bat Survey||7.Conduct M&E Activities||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||6,150||Yes|
Description: BPT staff, US Forest Service and BLM will perform different methods to inventory the presence of bat species using a standardized survey effort and sample unit. Methods include; mist netting, harp trapping, acoustic sampling and roost surveys. Project staff involved in capturing bats must have a current rabies vaccination and attend bat survey training.
|Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data||Small Mammal Surveys||7.Conduct M&E Activities||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||6,150||Yes|
Description: Small mammal surveys will be performed annually using Sherman live traps on a 10X10 gride (100 traps). A trend analysis will be conducted utilizing trapping and analysis methods outlined in Research and Management Techniques for Wildlife and Habitat.
|Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data||Amphibian Surveys||7.Conduct M&E Activities||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||6,150||Yes|
Description: Information on amphibian abundance and diversity helps determine the relative health of ecosystems and the success of wetland habitat improvements. Amphibian studies will be conducted annually to yield species occurrences. Both active and passive sampling methods will be utilized. The active method will be a pitfall and drift fence trap design on the immediate edge of water bodies for data on relative abundance and estimations of species catch based on one thousand trap nights. Passive methods will include searching for egg masses and listening for spawning calls to document species presence. Egg mass counts and call surveys will be conducted when pitfall traps are checked.
|Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data||Conduct HEP||7.Conduct M&E Activities||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||6,150||Yes|
Description: The Mitigation Site received a HEP to determine baseline conditions in 2003. An additional HEP will be conducted to determine vegetation trends and evaluate whether the habitat needs of each target species are improving. A HEP should be conducted by the regional HEP team on a 5 - 10 year cycle.
|Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data||Point-Count Surveys||7.Conduct M&E Activities||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||6,150||Yes|
Description: Performing trend assessments will provide us with the ability to analyze population response to habitat manipulations. Trend assessment will be determined utilizing methods outlined in A Habitat-Based Point-Count Protocol for Terrestrial Birds, Emphasizing Washington and Oregon (Huff et al. 2000), developed for the U.S. Forest Service and developed through collaboration with Washington-Oregon Partners in Flight, and are minimally different than those proposed in the Albeni Falls plan.
|Collect/Generate/Validate Field and Lab Data||Receive Bull/Redband Trout Management Direction||7.Conduct M&E Activities||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||6,150||Yes|
Description: Conduct periodic aquatic habitat and population assessments on drainages associated with the management of the Malheur River Mitigation Site. Aquatic assessments include: 1) Aquatic Habitat Assessments on critical drainages every 5-10 years; 2) Annual Stream Temperature Monitoring; and 3) scheduled multiple-pass removal (depletion) estimates for redband trout.
|Produce (Annual) Progress Report||Submit Annual reports||7.Conduct M&E Activities||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||6,150||Yes|
|Description: Submit Annual Report to BPA|
|Outreach and Education||Tribal Community and Public Education||7.Conduct M&E Activities<br>8.Protect Cultural Resources||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||28,426||Yes|
Description: Attend public meetings (watershed, county court, SWCD, ect.) host tribal field trips, attend elder gathering and other tribal functions. Attend Oregon Chapter Wildlife Society meeting.
|Produce Environmental Compliance Documentation||Cultural Resources||8.Protect Cultural Resources||1/1/2010||12/31/2012||18,450||Yes|
|Description: Work with Tribal and BPA Cultural Resources department to ensure that an Environment Compliance Documentation is produced. Staff will have to provide detailed descriptions of work performed to ensure proper protection is achieved.|
|work element budget total:||1,023,328|
Section 8. Budget
|Item||Note||FY 2010 cost ($)||FY 2011 cost ($)||FY 2012 cost ($)|
|Personnel||Five tribal employees. Three permanent and two technicians.||119,582||122,572||125,636|
|Fringe Benefits||Five tribal employees. Three permanent and two technicians.||42,007||43,057||44,133|
|Travel||Per Diem, training and seminars.||11,992||12,292||12,598|
|Supplies||Fuel, vehicle maintenace, herbicide, tools, and seed.||40,516||41,529||42,566|
|Other||Rent and Utilities||13,345||13,678||14,020|
|Capital Equipment||And Subcontracts||16,136||16,540||16,957|
|Overhead||Indirect rate used 39.12%||89,144||91,372||93,656|
|Itemized budget totals:||332,722||341,040||349,566|
|Type of funding source||Funding source or organization||Item or service provided||FY 2010 est value ($)||FY 2011 est value ($)||FY 2012 est value ($)||Cash or in-kind?||Status|
|federal||Farm Service Agency (FSA)||CREP Annual Rental Payment||15,971||15,971||15,971||Cash||Confirmed|
|private||Haying/Grazing||Cattle Grazing or Hay produced||14,000||16,000||18,000||Cash||Confirmed|
|state||Big Game Surveys||Data of Big Game in Project Area||10,000||10,000||10,000||Cash||Confirmed|
|non-profit||Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation||Habitat improvement for elk, big game study||6,000||2,000||0||Cash||Under Development|
|federal||US Fish and Wildlife Service||Tribal Wildlife Grant, money for big game study||100,000||50,000||20,000||Cash||Under Development|
|Cost share estimate totals:||145,971||93,971||63,971|
FY 2010-12 total cost share estimate: 303,913
Section 9. Project future
Continued funding at current funding levels with 2.5% cost of living increase.
Likely project termination/end date: None
This is a wildlife acquisition project that includes land acquisition. Funding should continue indefinitely if designated as a project for funding priority with NPCC.
Improved fish and wildlife habitat and the ability to provide tribal hunting opportunities as mitigation for the loss of fish and wildlife resources.
ISRP final recommendation: Meets Scientific criteria? Yes (Qualified)
from May 19, 2009 ISRP 2009-17 report
Sponsor response to ISRP preliminary review
|200002700 Malheur wildlife.doc|
ISRP preliminary recommendation: Meets scientific criteria? Response requested
from Mar 26, 2009 ISRP 2009-7 report