The following indicators were approved by the Council in 2009, and continued to be revised. Also see background and decisions.

Click any row for detail, any column heading to sort, or search/filter the table.

Metric Program question Program goal Topic Species group
1 Estuarine trophic-level changes associated with hydro-operations, including physical parameters (flow, stage, velocity, and water temperature), weighted usable habitat, and biological responses at lower trophic levels (carbon fixation, chlorophyll, seston, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and macrozoobenthos) Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Enhance conditions in the estuary and near-shore plume to support habitat diversity, and productive, abundant, and diverse salmon and steelhead populations Habitat All
2 Current versus historical natural habitat diversity and habitat mosaic in the estuary, including the 13 habitat attributes identified by LCEP ranking Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Enhance conditions in the estuary and near-shore plume to support habitat diversity, and productive, abundant, and diverse salmon and steelhead populations Habitat All
3 Status and trend of the estuary's water quality, consisting of water temperature, total dissolved gas, dissolved oxygen, priority toxic contaminants, etc Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Enhance conditions in the estuary and near-shore plume to support habitat diversity, and productive, abundant, and diverse salmon and steelhead populations Habitat All
4 Status and trend of the estuary's water quality for fish and wildlife species as measured by LCEP's assessment of natural hydrologic processes and sediment dynamics Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Enhance conditions in the estuary and near-shore plume to support habitat diversity, and productive, abundant, and diverse salmon and steelhead populations Habitat All
5 Status and trend of food web and tropic processes in the estuary needed to support fish and wildlife species as measured by LCEP for ecosystem processes Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Enhance conditions in the estuary and near-shore plume to support habitat diversity, and productive, abundant, and diverse salmon and steelhead populations Habitat All
6 Status and trend of habitats and habitat forming processes in the estuary needed to support fish and wildlife species as measured by LCEP for ecosystem processes Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Enhance conditions in the estuary and near-shore plume to support habitat diversity, and productive, abundant, and diverse salmon and steelhead populations Habitat All
7 (To be determined) Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Improve and expand the habitat function, structure, complexity and range of aquatic habitats in mainstem and tributaries of the basin, including riparian, wetland, floodplain, alluvial reaches, estuary, and near-shore ocean, to enhance life history and species diversity that are impacted by the hydrosystem. Habitat All
9 (To be determined) Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Provide adequate water quality and quantity to support targeted species Habitat All
10 (To be determined) Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Provide environmental conditions that support ecosystem functions necessary to restore healthy, self-sustaining and harvestable populations of native resident and anadromous fish and wildlife. This includes areas above and below Hungry Horse and Libby dams, and in and adjacent to Lake Roosevelt. Habitat All
11 Macroinvertebrates species composition and abundance indicative of water quality meeting fish requirements Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Provide environmental conditions that support ecosystem functions necessary to restore healthy, self-sustaining and harvestable populations of native resident and anadromous fish and wildlife. This includes areas above and below Hungry Horse and Libby dams, and in and adjacent to Lake Roosevelt. Habitat All
12 Non-native species distribution and abundance Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Provide environmental conditions that support ecosystem functions necessary to restore healthy, self-sustaining and harvestable populations of native resident and anadromous fish and wildlife. This includes areas above and below Hungry Horse and Libby dams, and in and adjacent to Lake Roosevelt. Habitat
13 Compare amount of suitable habitat with the amount of degraded habitat over time to measure progress for resident fish. May be measured based on water quality, adequacy of minimum and seasonal flows, location of fish barriers and fish screent, and measures of channel form and stability. Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Provide environmental conditions that support ecosystem functions necessary to restore healthy, self-sustaining and harvestable populations of native resident and anadromous fish and wildlife. This includes areas above and below Hungry Horse and Libby dams, and in and adjacent to Lake Roosevelt. Habitat
14 Status and trend of non-native species as measured by change in distribution, abundance, density, CPUE, age, growth, year-class survival, life-stage specific survival, biomass, body condition, fecundity, sex ratio for non-native species Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Provide environmental conditions that support ecosystem functions necessary to restore healthy, self-sustaining and harvestable populations of native resident and anadromous fish and wildlife. This includes areas above and below Hungry Horse and Libby dams, and in and adjacent to Lake Roosevelt. Habitat
15 (To be determined) Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Reconnect side channels, floodplains, riparian areas, and uplands to improve and maintain aquatic conditions, especially in the Columbia and Snake river mainstems habitat
16 Water flow meeting anadromous fish requirements Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Reestablish a more natural hydrological pattern that reflects seasonal fluctuations, rate of fluctuations, peaks, and temperature. Habitat
17 (To be determined) Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Restore and protect thermal refuge areas for salmonids habitat
18 Smolt to Adult Survival Rate (SAR) Mid-Columbia Spring Chinook (John Day) Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish and native resident fish Productivity Anadromous fish
19 Smolt to Adult Survival Rate (SAR; Lower Granite to Lower Granite) for Snake River Spring-Summer Chinook Salmon Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish and native resident fish Productivity Anadromous fish
20 Smolt to Adult Survival Rate (SAR; Lower Granite to Lower Granite) for Snake River Wild Steelhead Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish and native resident fish Productivity Anadromous fish
21 Smolt to Adult Survival Rate (SAR) Upper Columbia Steelhead (WEN/ENT/MET) min Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish and native resident fish Productivity Anadromous fish
22 Estimated number of salmon and steelhead fish entering the Columbia River Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish and native resident fish Abundance Anadromous fish
23 Estimated number of salmon and steelhead counted at Bonneville Dam Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish and native resident fish Abundance Anadromous fish
24 Abundance over time of wildlife critical species that have a strong association with salmon Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Wildlife
25 Wildlife species ESA listing status as reported by USFWS, States, and Tribes. Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Wildlife
26 ESA listed Wildlife population trend is increasing, decreasing, or stable in abundance Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Wildlife
27 Annual abundance of juvenile out-migrant hatchery and wild salmon and steelhead by ESU/DPS Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
28 Annual abundance of adult hatchery and wild salmon and steelhead by ESU/DPS Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
29 Annual abundance of spawners of hatchery and wild salmon and steelhead, by ESU/DPS Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
30 Annual counts of adult sockeye returning to Sawtooth Basin lakes and counted at lower Granite Dam Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
31 Annual counts of adult returns of Snake River naturally produced fall Chinook counted at Lower Granite Dam Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
32 Annual counts of Adult returns of Snake River naturally produced spring/summer Chinook at Lower Granite Dam Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
33 Annual counts aof adult returns of Upper Columbia naturally produced spring Chinook, steelhead at Rock Island Dam, 1980-Current) Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
34 Annual counts of adult salmon and steelhead at Priest Rapids Dam Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
35 Annual counts of Adult returns of winter steelhead and spring Chinook at Willamette Falls 1980-Current) Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
36 ESA listed fish ESU/DPS/recovery unit is increasing, decreasing, or stable in abundance Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
37 ESA listed salmonid ESU is at low, med, high risk based on NOAA's risk level Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
38 Bull trout abundance status and trend Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Resident fish
39 Burbot abundance status and trend Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Resident fish
40 Coastal cutthroat trout abundance status and trend Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Resident fish
41 Kokanee abundance status and trend Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Resident fish
42 Kootenai River white sturgeon abundance status and trend Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Resident fish
43 Annual abundance juvenile out-migrant lamprey Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
44 Annual basin-wide abundance adult lamprey Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
45 Count of adult Pacific Lamprey at Willamette falls Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
46 Count of adult Pacific Lamprey at Rocky Reach Dam Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
47 Count of adult Pacific Lamprey at Rock Island Dam Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
48 Count of adult Pacific Lamprey at Priest Rapids Dam Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
49 Count of adult Pacific Lamprey at Bonneville Dam Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Anadromous fish
50 TBD (could consist of annual abundance estimates (i.e., population, density, redd counts, and/or spawner escapement), at specific life stages (e.g., adult, sub-adult, juvenile, young-of-the-year, etc.), for lentic and lotic resident fish populations, management units, and recovery units. To facilitate comparisons throughout the Basin, population estimates from rivers and streams should be standardized on a unit length, and stratified by stream order and gradient) Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Resident fish
51 Westslope cutthroat abundance status and trend Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Resident fish
52 White sturgeon abundance status and trend Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Resident fish
53 Yellowstone cutthroat trout abundance status and trend Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Abundance Resident fish
54 Age and growth of resident fish populations , including annual estimates of age, growth, year-class survival, life-stage specific survival, biomass, body condition, fecundity, sex ratio for resident fish populations Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Productivity Resident fish
55 (To be determined) Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve the delisting and recovery criteria for ESA-listed species in the biological opinions, including for listed salmon and steelhead in NOAA Fisheries’ 2008 FCRPS, Upper Snake and Willamette River biological opinions, and those for listed Kootenai River White Sturgeon, bull trout, and Oregon chub in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s FCRPS (2000), Libby Dam (2006) and Willamette River (2008) biological opinions (see footnote). Abundance Resident fish
56 Spatial patterns of distribution Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve the delisting and recovery criteria for ESA-listed species in the biological opinions, including for listed salmon and steelhead in NOAA Fisheries’ 2008 FCRPS, Upper Snake and Willamette River biological opinions, and those for listed Kootenai River White Sturgeon, bull trout, and Oregon chub in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s FCRPS (2000), Libby Dam (2006) and Willamette River (2008) biological opinions (see footnote). Spatial Distribution Anadromous fish
57 Spatial patterns of distribution for cutthroat trout (westslope, yellowstone, coastal), historic versus current. Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve the delisting and recovery criteria for ESA-listed species in the biological opinions, including for listed salmon and steelhead in NOAA Fisheries’ 2008 FCRPS, Upper Snake and Willamette River biological opinions, and those for listed Kootenai River White Sturgeon, bull trout, and Oregon chub in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s FCRPS (2000), Libby Dam (2006) and Willamette River (2008) biological opinions (see footnote). Spatial Distribution Resident fish
58 Spatial and temporal distribution of resident fish distribution Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve the delisting and recovery criteria for ESA-listed species in the biological opinions, including for listed salmon and steelhead in NOAA Fisheries’ 2008 FCRPS, Upper Snake and Willamette River biological opinions, and those for listed Kootenai River White Sturgeon, bull trout, and Oregon chub in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s FCRPS (2000), Libby Dam (2006) and Willamette River (2008) biological opinions (see footnote). Spatial Distribution Resident fish
59 Spatial distribution trend of redband trout, historic versus current Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve the delisting and recovery criteria for ESA-listed species in the biological opinions, including for listed salmon and steelhead in NOAA Fisheries’ 2008 FCRPS, Upper Snake and Willamette River biological opinions, and those for listed Kootenai River White Sturgeon, bull trout, and Oregon chub in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s FCRPS (2000), Libby Dam (2006) and Willamette River (2008) biological opinions (see footnote). Spatial Distribution Resident fish
60 Non-native species hybridization/introgression and competition as measured by change in genetic composition, number of native populations protected from hybridization/introgression and condition factors Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Encourage biologically diverse species that are resilient to environmental variability Diversity Resident fish
61 Functional critical wildlife species diversity over time Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Mitigate for wildlife losses Diversity Wildlife
62 State agencies bird species diversity and breeding pair counts Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Mitigate for wildlife losses Diversity Wildlife
63 Spatial and temporal distribution of resident fish distribution Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Encourage biologically diverse species that are resilient to environmental variability Spatial Distribution Resident fish
64 Estimates of hybridization and introgression for bull trout/brook trout, rainbow/redband trout, and cutthroat trout/rainbow trout population Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Encourage biologically diverse species that are resilient to environmental variability Diversity Resident fish
65 Life history types expressed by anadromous fish Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Encourage biologically diverse species that are resilient to environmental variability Diversity Anadromous fish
66 Genetic composition of anadromous fish populations Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Encourage biologically diverse species that are resilient to environmental variability Diversity Anadromous fish
67 Life history types expressed by native resident fish. Annual estimates (i.e., population, density, redd counts, and/or spawner escapement), of life history types (i.e., resident, fluvial, and adfluvial). Note 1: 1.  Life history descriptions will be based on peer reviewed literature. Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Encourage biologically diverse species that are resilient to environmental variability Diversity Resident fish
68 Genetic composition of resident fish populations, including genetic stock structure, diversity (including rare alleles), and incidence of hybridization/introgression for resident fish Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Encourage biologically diverse species that are resilient to environmental variability Diversity Resident fish
69 (To be determined) Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Improve natural populations by connecting stronger populations with weaker populations Abundance
70 (To be determined) Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Protect, enhance, reconnect, and restore fish populations in mainstem and tributary areas Abundance
71 (To be determined) Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Productivity Anadromous fish
72 Ocean condition trends based on Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), El Nino/Southern Oscillation Index, Pacific Northwest Index (PNI), Spring and fall transition Dates, Ocean Coastal Upwelling Index (CUI) Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Enhance conditions in the estuary and near-shore plume to support habitat diversity, and productive, abundant, and diverse salmon and steelhead populations Habitat Anadromous fish
73 Ocean conditions and effect on coho and chinook ocean survival Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Enhance conditions in the estuary and near-shore plume to support habitat diversity, and productive, abundant, and diverse salmon and steelhead populations Habitat Anadromous fish
74 Estimated actual survival through FCRPS for SR Fall Chinook, SR Spring -Summer Chinook, SR Sockeye, SR Steelhead, UCR Spring Chinook, UCR steelhead, MCR steelhead, LCR steelhead, CR Chum, LCR Chinook, LCR Coho Are operations of the mainstem Columbia and Snake River hydropower dams meeting the fish-passage survival objectives of the Program? Achieve anadromous fish inriver migration and passage survival that approximates natural survival during inriver migration Adult Survival Anadromous fish
75 Resident fish entrainment through hydro-facilities and percent survival (See Notes b) Are operations of the mainstem Columbia and Snake River hydropower dams meeting the fish-passage survival objectives of the Program? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish and native resident fish Entrainment Resident fish
76 Estimated passage survival of juvenile spring chinook salmon and steelhead survival at snake river and lower Columbia river dams Are operations of the mainstem Columbia and Snake River hydropower dams meeting the fish-passage survival objectives of the Program? Achieve anadromous fish inriver migration and passage survival that approximates natural survival during inriver migration Juvenile Survival Anadromous fish
77 Estimated actual survival of wild juvenile salmon and steelhead survival in-river - lower granite to bonneville dam Are operations of the mainstem Columbia and Snake River hydropower dams meeting the fish-passage survival objectives of the Program? Achieve anadromous fish inriver migration and passage survival that approximates natural survival during inriver migration Juvenile Survival Anadromous fish
78 Estimated annual percent Reach Survival of Upper Columbia River Juvenile Hatchery Chinook and Steelhead, McNary Dam to Bonneville dam, 1998-current Are operations of the mainstem Columbia and Snake River hydropower dams meeting the fish-passage survival objectives of the Program? Achieve anadromous fish inriver migration and passage survival that approximates natural survival during inriver migration Juvenile Survival Anadromous fish
79 Estimated annual percent Reach Survival of Hatchery and Wild Snake River Salmon and Steelhead , Lower Granite to Bonneville Dams, 1998-current Are operations of the mainstem Columbia and Snake River hydropower dams meeting the fish-passage survival objectives of the Program? Achieve anadromous fish inriver migration and passage survival that approximates natural survival during inriver migration Juvenile Survival Anadromous fish
80 Straying rates (%) of Adult Chinook Salmon (2001-08 pooled) and steelhead (2005-07 pooled) Are operations of the mainstem Columbia and Snake River hydropower dams meeting the fish-passage survival objectives of the Program? to be defined Straying Anadromous fish
81 Pinnipeds predation on adult anadromous salmon and steelhead What is the progress of implementing the Program? Protect, enhance, and restore fish populations in the mainstem and tributary areas Effectiveness of Actions Anadromous fish
82 Bird and fish predation on juvenile anadromous salmon and steelhead specifically by terns, cormorants and pikeminow What is the progress of implementing the Program? Protect, enhance, and restore fish populations in the mainstem and tributary areas Effectiveness of Actions Anadromous fish
83 Pinnipeds predation on adult pacific lamprey What is the progress of implementing the Program? Protect, enhance, and restore fish populations in the mainstem and tributary areas Effectiveness of Actions Anadromous fish
84 Production of juvenile anadromous fish related to habitat improvement actions What is the progress of implementing the Program? Protect, enhance, and restore fish populations in the mainstem and tributary areas Effectiveness of Actions Anadromous fish
85 Predation on resident fish species by native/non-native fish, piscivorous birds, and pinnipeds What is the progress of implementing the Program? Protect, enhance, and restore fish populations in the mainstem and tributary areas Effectiveness of Actions Resident fish
86 Suppression of predatory fish species consuming resident fish. Could entail annual abundance estimates (i.e., population, density, redd counts, and/or spawner escapement), at specific life stages distribution, number removed, and Catch per unit effort. What is the progress of implementing the Program? Protect, enhance, and restore fish populations in the mainstem and tributary areas Effectiveness of Actions Resident fish
87 Production of resident fish related to habitat improvement actions as measured by abundance, distribution, age, growth, and survival at spatial scales consistent with the implemented actions (e.g., watershed, reach, habitat unit, etc.); See Notes a What is the progress of implementing the Program? Protect, enhance, and restore fish populations in the mainstem and tributary areas Effectiveness of Actions Resident fish
88 Percent change in pikeminnow mortality, average size of pikeminnow; number of pikeminnow removed, and counts of pikeminnow rewards paid to reduce predation on salmon and steelhead What is the progress of implementing the Program? Protect, enhance, and restore fish populations in the mainstem and tributary areas Managing Predation on Adult and Juvenile Fish Anadromous fish
89 Percent change in non-native fish mortality, average size of non-native fish, number of non-native fish removed, rewards paid (tournaments, etc.), and estimated reduction in potential predation. Predators include, but not limited to, smallmouth bass, northern pike, lake trout, walleye, brook trout, etc.) What is the progress of implementing the Program? Protect, enhance, and restore fish populations in the mainstem and tributary areas Managing Predation on Adult and Juvenile Fish Resident fish
90 Number of pinniped deterred from BON raceway to reduce predation on salmon and steelhead What is the progress of implementing the Program? Protect, enhance, and restore fish populations in the mainstem and tributary areas Managing Predation on Adult and Juvenile Fish Wildlife
91 Tern and cormorant colony size, and number of breeding pairs to reduce predation on salmon and steelhead What is the progress of implementing the Program? Protect, enhance, and restore fish populations in the mainstem and tributary areas Managing Predation on Adult and Juvenile Fish Wildlife
92 Suppression of northern pikeminnow What is the progress of implementing the Program? Protect, enhance, and restore fish populations in the mainstem and tributary areas Managing Predation on Adult and Juvenile Fish Anadromous fish
93 Acres or stream miles of resident fish habitat inundated or blocked What is the progress of implementing the Program? Improve and expand the habitat function, structure, complexity and range of aquatic habitats in mainstem and tributaries of the basin, including riparian, wetland, floodplain, alluvial reaches, estuary, and near-shore ocean, to enhance life history and species diversity that are impacted by the hydrosystem. Habitat
94 Number of anadromous fish returning to previously blocked areas What is the progress of implementing the Program? Reintroduce anadromous fish extirpated from areas blocked by the construction and operation of the Columbia River Basin's hydrosystem Hydrosystem Development and Operation Losses Resident fish
95 Abundance of native resident fish species are restored and increases throughout their historic range as measured by annual abundance estimates at specific life stages Are Columbia River Basin fish species abundant, diverse, productive, spatially distributed, and sustainable? Achieve full mitigation for anadromous fish, native resident fish, and wildlife losses by restoring healthy[2], self-sustaining, and harvestable, natural-origin anadromous fish, especially salmon, steelhead, eulachon, lamprey species, resident fish, including sturgeon and bull trout Hydrosystem Development and Operation Losses Resident fish
96 ocean harvest number of hatchery salmon and steelhead by ESU/DPS What is the progress of implementing the Program? Enhance harvest of anadromous fish including salmon, steelhead, and lamprey, and resident fish Artificial Production for Harvest Anadromous fish
97 Annual commercial, tribal, and recreational mainstem harvest number of hatchery salmon, and steelhead, and rates by river section and ESU/DPS What is the progress of implementing the Program? Enhance harvest of anadromous fish including salmon, steelhead, and lamprey, and resident fish Artificial Production for Harvest Anadromous fish
98 Harvest of Fish and Wildlife Program funded hatchery origin fish managed as substitution for lost anadromous fish havest opportunities in areas for which anadromous fish hisotrically existed but are now extirpated due to blocked access. Harvest as measured by annual harvest numbers, angler hours, angler/tribal satisfaction for consumptive fisheries What is the progress of implementing the Program? Enhance harvest of anadromous fish including salmon, steelhead, and lamprey, and resident fish Artificial Production for Harvest - Substitution Resident fish
99 Resident fish harvest opportunities are satisfactory in addressing losses of anadromous consumptive and non-conumptive harvest as measured by annual harvest numbers, angler hours, and angler/tribal satisfaction. What is the progress of implementing the Program? Enhance harvest of anadromous fish including salmon, steelhead, and lamprey, and resident fish Hydrosystem Development and Operation Losses Resident fish
100 Annual releases of hatchery-reared salmon and steelhead released from Program-funded hatcheries in the Columbia River Basin What is the progress of implementing the Program? Artificial Production for Harvest Anadromous fish
101 Annual returns (to hatchery) of hatchery-reared salmon and steelhead released from Program-funded hatcheries in the Columbia River Basin. What is the progress of implementing the Program? Artificial Production for Harvest and Supplementation Anadromous fish
102 Annual releases of hatchery-reared resident fish released from Program-funded hatcheries in the Columbia River Basin. (see notes C) What is the progress of implementing the Program? Artificial Production for Recovery Resident fish
103 Proportion of hatchery fish present on spawning grounds and number of hatchery fish used for broodstock (2014 program appendix L reporting) What is the progress of implementing the Program? Artificial Production for Recovery Anadromous fish
104 (To be determined) What is the progress of implementing the Program? Artificial Production for Recovery Anadromous fish
105 Abundance of hatchery-origin juveniles complement abundance of wild juveniles based on comparing survival and growth of hatchery-origin fish and and wild fish What is the progress of implementing the Program? Artificial Production for Recovery Resident fish
106 Relative fitness of hatchery stocks based on relative survival, growth, and reproductive success of reestablished populations What is the progress of implementing the Program? Artificial Production for Recovery Resident fish
107 (To be determined) Are Columbia River Basin ecosystems healthy? Provide environmental conditions that support ecosystem functions necessary to restore healthy, self-sustaining and harvestable populations of native resident and anadromous fish and wildlife. This includes areas above and below Hungry Horse and Libby dams, and in and adjacent to Lake Roosevelt. Climate Change
108 Annual commercial, tribal, and recreational mainstem harvest number of salmon, and steelhead, and rates by river section and ESU/DPS What is the progress of implementing the Program? Enhance harvest of anadromous fish including salmon, steelhead, and lamprey, and resident fish Harvest Anadromous fish
109 Annual harvest numbers, fishing effort, catch rates, and angler satisfaction per year for resident fish What is the progress of implementing the Program? Enhance harvest of anadromous fish including salmon, steelhead, and lamprey, and resident fish Harvest Resident fish
110 (To be determined) What is the progress of implementing the Program? Achieve open public access for all program-related data. Accessibility
111 (To be determined) What is the progress of implementing the Program? Coordinate aquatic and terrestrial actions Funded Actions
112 (To be determined) What is the progress of implementing the Program? Encourage considering the program within a social and ecological context. Society
113 (To be determined) What is the progress of implementing the Program? Hydrosystem projects will rely on local inflows for drawdown and refill; maintain biological productivity in the reservoirs; and release water or dampen flow fluctuations to benefit fish in reservoirs and downstream. Habitat
114 Annual and cumulative number of acre feet of water protected by installing diversion screens , in blocked and non-blocked areas, What is the progress of implementing the Program? Improve and expand the habitat function, structure, complexity and range of aquatic habitats in mainstem and tributaries of the basin, including riparian, wetland, floodplain, alluvial reaches, estuary, and near-shore ocean, to enhance life history and species diversity that are impacted by the hydrosystem. Habitat
115 Annual and cumulative miles of habitat , in blocked and non-blocked areas,accessed through fish passage improvements What is the progress of implementing the Program? Improve and expand the habitat function, structure, complexity and range of aquatic habitats in mainstem and tributaries of the basin, including riparian, wetland, floodplain, alluvial reaches, estuary, and near-shore ocean, to enhance life history and species diversity that are impacted by the hydrosystem. Habitat
116 Annual and cumulative accomplishments of riparian habitat protected , in blocked and non-blocked areas,through land purchases and leases What is the progress of implementing the Program? Improve and expand the habitat function, structure, complexity and range of aquatic habitats in mainstem and tributaries of the basin, including riparian, wetland, floodplain, alluvial reaches, estuary, and near-shore ocean, to enhance life history and species diversity that are impacted by the hydrosystem. Habitat
117 Annual and cumulative miles of habitat improved , in blocked and non-blocked areas, What is the progress of implementing the Program? Improve and expand the habitat function, structure, complexity and range of aquatic habitats in mainstem and tributaries of the basin, including riparian, wetland, floodplain, alluvial reaches, estuary, and near-shore ocean, to enhance life history and species diversity that are impacted by the hydrosystem. Habitat
118 Annual and cumulative accomplishments , in blocked and non-blocked areas, through acquiring instream water rights, installing wells, pipelines, and sprinklers, and lining irrigation ditches to conserve water What is the progress of implementing the Program? Improve and expand the habitat function, structure, complexity and range of aquatic habitats in mainstem and tributaries of the basin, including riparian, wetland, floodplain, alluvial reaches, estuary, and near-shore ocean, to enhance life history and species diversity that are impacted by the hydrosystem. Habitat
119 Annual and cumulative number of acres per wildlife habitat type improved or protected by management action (e.g., increasing habitat complexity, removing invasive vegatation, planting vegetation, fencing, as well as realigning , connecting and /or creating habitat) What is the progress of implementing the Program? Improve and expand the habitat function, structure, complexity and range of aquatic habitats in mainstem and tributaries of the basin, including riparian, wetland, floodplain, alluvial reaches, estuary, and near-shore ocean, to enhance life history and species diversity that are impacted by the hydrosystem. Habitat
120 Water secured for fish annually and cumulatively in acres-feet and cubic-feet per second by acquiring water instream, leasing land, or purchasing land What is the progress of implementing the Program? Improve and expand the habitat function, structure, complexity and range of aquatic habitats in mainstem and tributaries of the basin, including riparian, wetland, floodplain, alluvial reaches, estuary, and near-shore ocean, to enhance life history and species diversity that are impacted by the hydrosystem. Habitat
121 Fish and Wildlife direct and indirect program costs summarized annually work category, species type, major spending area, province; and state (from annual CRB FW Program Costs report) What is the progress of implementing the Program? Inform the public about the program to encourage involvement Capital and Expense Expenditures of the Program (direct and reimurseables) All
122 Wildlife Habitat Units Lost and Mitigated, by dam What is the progress of implementing the Program? Mitigate for wildlife losses Habitat
123 Willamette Wildlife Mitigation, in acres, currently protected and remaining to be protected What is the progress of implementing the Program? Mitigate for wildlife losses Habitat
124 Wildlife losses mitigated over time What is the progress of implementing the Program? Mitigate for wildlife losses Hydrosystem Development and Operation Losses Wildlife
125 (To be determined) What is the progress of implementing the Program? Reintroduce anadromous fish extirpated from areas blocked by the construction and operation of the Columbia River Basin's hydrosystem Hydrosystem Development and Operation Losses
126 Define an indicator for: Progress in implementing action to address subbasin plan objectives and needs (limiting factors, priority reaches, etc.) What is the progress of implementing the Program? Addressing Objectives and Limiting Factors All
127 (To be determined) What is the progress of implementing the Program? Other All

Footnotes

  1.  Life history descriptions will be provided as described in peer reviewed literature,

Other data notes

  1. Resident fish managers believe that it is not appropriate to attempt to align increases/decreases in abundance with habitat improvements, as numerous variables, beyond those associated with a single project, influence the status of a population. The managers suggest that a better approach to evaluating habitat projects would be monitor variables associated with water quality, riparian habitat, instream habitat, etc.
  2. Resident fish passage/entrainment objectives need to be developed. From July-October 2012, the resident fish managers will be developing objectives for the NPCC's consideration as well as identifying species-specific performance criteria for the facilities.
  3. Resident fish managers question the placement of this information in this particular section as if it might belong elsewhere.
  4. Recovery is being used in what context? Is this ESA recovery or the recovery of depressed populations that are not federally listed?