Appendix N. Species

Focal species are identified in the subbasin plans. Below is a general list of the program’s 275 focal species. However to verify that a species is considered a focal species in a given subbasin, please refer to the subbasin plans.

Anadromous Fish Focal Species (6 species)

Common Name Scientific Name
Chinook salmon Onchorynchus tshawytcha
Chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta
Coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch
Pacific lamprey Entosphenus tridentatus
Sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka
Steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss

Resident Fish Focal Species (22 species)

Common Name Scientific Name
Black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus
Brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis
Bull trout Salvelinus confluentus
Burbot Lota lota
Coastal cutthroat trout Onchorynchus clarki clarki
Cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarki
Freshwater sponge Ephydatia cooperensi
Green sturgeon Acipenser medirostris
Kokanee Oncorhynchus nerka
Largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides
Molluscs Mollusca
Mountain whitefish Prosopium williamsoni
Oregon chub Oregonichthys Crameri
Redband trout Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdneri
Smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu
Walleye Stitzostedion vitreum vitreum
Westslope cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi
White sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus
Wood River sculpin Cottus leiopomus
Yellow perch Perca flavescens
Yellowstone cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarkii bouvieri

Wildlife Focal Species (209 species)

Common Name Scientific Name
Acorn woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus
Agapetus caddisly Agapetus montanu
American avocet Recurvirostra americana
American beaver Castor canadensis
American bittern Botaurus lentiginosus
American crow Corvus brachyrhynchos
American dipper Cinclus mexicanus
American marten Martes americana
American pika Ochotona princeps
American white pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
Bald eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Banbury Springs lanx Lanx sp.
Band-tailed pigeon Columba fasciata
Barn owl Tyto alba
Barrow's goldeneye Bucephala islandica
Big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus
Bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis
Bitterroot mountainsnail Oreohelix amariradix
Black bear Ursus americanus
Black swift Cypseloides niger
Black tern Chlidonias niger
Black-backed woodpecker Picoides arcticus
Black-chinned hummingbird Archilochus alexandr
Black-crowned night heron Nycticorax nycticoras
Black-tailed jackrabbit Lepus californicus
Bliss Rapids snail Taylorconcha serpenticola
Blue grouse Dendragopus obscurus
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Boreal owl Aegolius funereus
Boreal toad Anaxyrus boreas
Brewer's sparrow Spizella breweri
Brown creeper Certhia americana
Brown-headed cowbird Molothrus ater
Bruneau hot springsnail Pyrgulopsis bruneauensis
Burrowing owl Athene cunicularia
Bushy-tailed woodrat Neotoma cinerea
California bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis californiana
California quail Callipepla californica
Calliope hummingbird Stellula calliope
Canada goose Branta canadensis
Canada lynx Lynx canadensis
Carinate mountainsnail Oreohelix elrod
Cascades frog Rana cascadae
Caspian tern Hydroprogne caspia
Cassin's finch Carpodacus cassinii
Chipping sparrow Spizella passerina
Clark's nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana
Coastal tailed frog Ascaphus truei Stejneger
Coeur d'Alene salamander Plethodon idahoensis
Columbian black-tailed deer Odocoileus hemionus columbianus
Columbian sharp-tailed grouse Tympanuchus phasianellus columbianus
Columbian white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus leucurus
Common loon Gavia immer
Common nighthawk Chordeiles minor
Common snipe Gallinago gallinago
Common tern Sterna hirundo
Common yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas
Cordilleran flycatcher Empidonax occidentalis
Deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Elk Cervus canadensis
Fender's blue butterfly Icaricia icarioides fenderi
Ferruginous hawk Buteo regalis
Fisher Martes pennant
Flammulated owl Otus flammeolus
Foster's tern Sterna forsteri
Franklin's gull Leucophaeus pipixcan
Fringed myotis bat Myotis thysanode
Gillette's checkerspot Euphydryas gillettii
Golden eagle Aquila Chrysaetos
Golden-mantled ground squirrel Spermophilus lateralis
Grasshopper sparrow Ammodramus savannarum
Gray (Hungarian) partridge Perdix perdix
Gray flycatcher Empidonax wrightii
Gray wolf Canis lupus irremotus
Gray-crowned rosy-finch Leucosticte tephrocotis
Great Basin Spadefoot Spea intermontana
Great blue heron Ardea herodias
Great gray owl Strix nebulosa
Great horned owl Bubo virginianus
Greater sandhill crane Grus canadensis tabida
Green heron Butorides virescens
Green-tailed towhee Pipilo chlorurus
Grey flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta
Grizzly bear Ursus arcto
Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus
Hammond's flycatcher Empidonax hammondii
Harlequin duck Histrionicus histrionicus
Hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus
Hoary marmot Marmota caligata
Hooded merganser Lophodytes cucullatus
Horned grebe Podiceps auritus
Horned lark Eremophila alpestris
House finch Carpodacus mexicanus
Idaho springsnail Pyrgulopsis idahoensis
Larch Mountain salamander Plethodon larselli
Lark sparrow Chondestes grammacus
Lazuli bunting Passerina amoena
LeConte's sparrow Ammodramus leconteii
Leopard frog Rana pipiens
Lewis’ woodpecker Melanerpes lewis
Loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus
Long-billed curlew Numenius americanus
Long-toed salamander Ambystoma macrodactylum
Lyre mantleslug Udosarx lyrat
Magnum mantleslug Magnipelta mycophag
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Marbled Jumping-slug Hemphillia danielsi
Marbled murrelet Brachyramphus marmoratus
Merlin Falco columbarius
Millipede Austrotyla montani
Millipede Corypus cochlearis
Mink Mustela vison
Montane vole Microtus montanus
Moose Alces alces
Mountain goat Oreamnos americanus
Mountain quail Oreortyx pictus
Mule deer Odocoileus hemionus
Northern alligator lizard Elgaria coerulea
Northern bog lemming Synaptomys boreali
Northern goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Northern harrier Circus cyaneus
Northern Idaho ground squirrel Spermophilus brunneus brunneus
Northern pocket gopher Thomomys talpoides
Northern pygmy-owl Glaucidium gnoma
Northern sagebrush lizard Sceloporus graciosus graciosus
Northern spotted owl Strix occidentalis caurina
Nuttall's cottontail Sylvilagus nuttallii
Olive-sided flycatcher Contopus cooperi
Oregon slender salamander Batrachoseps wrightorum
Oregon spotted frog Rana pretiosa
Peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus
Pileated woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus
Preble’s shrew Sorex preblei
Pronghorn antelope Antilocapra americana
Purple martin Progne subis
Pygmy nuthatch Sitta pygmaea
Pygmy rabbit Brachylagus idahoensis
Raccoon Procyon lotor
Red squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
Red tree vole Arborimus longicaudus
Red-eyed vireo Vireo Olivaceus
Redhead Aythya americana
Red-legged frog Rana draytonii
Red-naped sapsucker Sphyrapicus nuchalis
Red-winged blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus
Ring-necked pheasant Phasianus colchicus
River otter Lutra canadensis
Rocky Mountain elk Cervus elaphus nelsoni
Rocky Mountain mule deer Odocoileus hemionus hemionus
Ruffed grouse Bonasa umbellus
Rufous hummingbird Selasphorus rufus
Sage grouse Centrocercus urophasianus
Sage sparrow Amphispiza belli
Sage thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus
Sandhill crane Grus canadensis
Sharp-tailed grouse Tympanuchus phasianellus
Sharptailed snake Contia tenuis
Sheathead slug Zacoleus idahoensis
Silver-haired bat Lasionycteris noctivagans
Smoky taildropper Prophysaon humil
Snake River physa Physa natricina
Snowshoe hare Lepus americanus
Snowy owl Nyctea scandiaca
Snowy porter Charadrius alexandrinus
Sora Porzana carolina
Southern alligator lizard Elgaria multicarinatus
Southern red-backed vole Myodes gapperi
Southwestern Willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii adastus
Spalding's catchfly Silene spaldingii
Spotted bat Euderma maculatum
Spotted frog Rana luteiventris
Spotted owl Strix occidentalis
Spotted skunk Spilogale gracilis
Swainson's hawk Buteo swainsoni
Taylor's checkerspot butterfly Euphydryas editha taylori
Three-toed woodpecker Picoides tridactylus
Townsend’s big-eared bat Corynorhinus townsendii
Townsend's western big-eared bat Corynorhinus townsendii townsendii
Trumpeter swan Cygnus buccinator
Tundra swan Cygnus columbianus
Turkey vulture Cathartes aura
Utah valvata snail Valvata utahensis
Vaux's swift Chaetura vauxi
Veery Catharus fuscescens
Vesper sparrow Pooecetes gramineus
Washington ground squirrel Spermophilus washingtoni
Western bluebird Sialia mexicana
Western Grebe Aechmoporus occidentalis
Western grey squirrel Sciurus griseus
Western meadowlark Sturnella neglecta
Western pond turtle Clemmys marmorata
Western rattlesnake Crotalus viridis
Western skink Eumeces skiltonianu
Western toad Bufo boreas 
Western wood-pewee Contopus sordidulus
Western yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanus
White-breasted nuthatch Sitta carolinensis
White-faced ibis Plegadis chihi
White-headed woodpecker Picoides albolarvatus
White-tailed ptarmigan Lagopus leucura
Williamson's sapsucker Sphyrapicus thyroideus
Willow flycatcher Empidonax traillii
Winter wren Troglodytes troglodytes
Wolverine Gulo gulo
Wood duck Aix sponsa
Yellow pine chipmunk Neotamias amoenus
Yellow warbler Dendroica petechia
Yellow-breasted chat Icteria virens

← Appendix M. List of subbasin plans and adoption dates

Appendix O. Subbasin and basinwide measures →

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